Laser Enhanced Mission Communications Navigation and Operational Services Pipeline (LEMNOS)

Laser Enhanced Mission Communications Navigation and Operational Services Pipeline (LEMNOS)

OVERVIEW

On NASA’s journey to the moon, the Orion spacecraft will be integral. It looks remarkably similar to the Apollo capsule, which placed humanity on the moon in 1969, but Orion hosts many new, cutting-edge technologies and capabilities. Among them, the Laser-Enhanced Mission Communication Navigation and Operational Services (LEMNOS) Pipeline project office will provide Orion with data rates as much as 10 times higher than possible through current systems

The Orion Artemis II Optical Communications System (O2O) project, managed by LEMNOS, leverages optical communications technology for use on the next-generation Orion spacecraft. The terminal will enable live, 4K ultra-high-definition video from the moon, as well as enhanced science data transmission and more. By comparison, the Apollo cameras filmed only 10 frames per second in a grainy black-and-white. O2O will provide Orion with a “giant leap” in communications technology, allowing optical communications to join radio for NASA’s journey to the Moon and beyond.

After the project’s test ride on Artemis II, the LEMNOS Pipeline project will provide optical communications terminals to subsequent Orion exploration missions. In addition, the LEMNOS Pipeline will be able to provide a variety of terminals to lunar exploration and science missions from LEO to lunar to L1/L2.

Quick Facts

LEMNOS
LEMNOS
O2O will launch on the Orion spacecraft for Artemis-II in 2022.
LEMNOS
LEMNOS
O2O is a partnership between Goddard, the Space Communications and Navigation (SCaN) program office, MIT Lincoln Laboratory, Lockheed Martin, and Johnson Space Center.
LEMNOS
LEMNOS
LEMNOS was named after the island of Lemnos, where Orion’s sight is restored in Greek myth. A group of interns helped to name the office